Wonders of the Middle East & Africa
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Majorelle garden

The botanical garden, Was made in the 1920s by the French painter Jacques Majorelle with marble pools, raised pathways, banana trees, groves of bamboo, coconut palms and bougainvillea. Perhaps unsurprisingly as the garden was designed by a painter, the garden is composed and colored like a painting.


Zillij is an Islamic art. The colorful geometric patterns reflect the Islamic belief that life is ordered by cosmic intelligence.Patrons of the art used it historically to decorate their homes as a statement of luxury. This framework of expression arose from the need of Islamic artists to create spatial decorations that avoided depictions of living things, consistent with the teachings of Islamic law.


A dish primarily of Semolina. This is a staple food across all the Maghreb countries, the ingrediants are what makes it different from country to country.

Temple of Zeus Cyrene

Cyrene was an ancient Greek colony and then a Roman city in present-day Shahhat, Libya, the oldest and most important of the five Greek cities in the region. The giant jig-saw puzzle is made up of dozens of Doric columns, each a meter wide and six meters high.

Argan oil

Produced from the argan tree that is endemic to Morocco, Argan oil is valued for its nutritive, cosmetic and numerous medicinal properties.

Jamaa el Fna

Jamaa el Fna is a square and market place in Marrakesh. A tourist attraction, one translation of its name is 'The assembly of death'.


Pamukkale, meaning "cotton castle" in Turkish, is a natural site in Denizli Province in southwestern Turkey. The city contains hot springs and travertines, terraces of carbonate minerals left by the flowing water.

Dolmabahce Palace

The main rooms of the building (completed in 1856) are lavishly decorated. The Sultan spared no expense - gold, silver, and fine crystal were freely used. The construction cost five million Ottoman mecidiye gold coins, the equivalent of 35 tons of gold.


Two thousand years ago Ephesus was one of the world's largest and most important cities. The city was famed for the Temple of Artemis (completed around 550 BC), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

Topkapi Palace

The sprawling Topkapi Palace in Istanbul (formerly Constantinople) is today a world-class museum displaying accumulated treasures of the sultans.


Cappadocia in Turkey has a surreal landscape fashioned by ancient floods and winds that partially eroded a volcanic based plateau. This process created numerous fanciful formations including the conical towers nicknamed fairy chimneys.

Pergamon Acropolis

This 10,000-spectator amphitheater is the steepest ever constructed. The ancient Library of Pergamum was the second best in the ancient Greek civilization. It was believed to contain 200,000 volumes, which Mark Antony later gave to Cleopatra as a wedding present.

Grand Bazaar

The picturesque 550-year-old urban complex is the world's famous covered market.

Hagia Sophia

modern-day architects marvel at how their 6th century counterparts could design the immense Hagia Sophia and its "impossibly" high-&-wide domed ceiling.

The Arabian horse

The Arabian horse is a versatile breed. Arabian horses dominate the discipline of endurance riding.


A Middle Eastern dish of boiled, cracked, or coarsely-ground wheat and meat or chicken. Its consistency varies between a porridge and a dumpling.

Date exports

In 2009, Gulf countries have produced approximately 2,168,350 metric tons of dates. Dates have been a staple food of the Middle East and parts of South Asia for thousands of years.

Bu Tinah island

This island, off the UAE coast, is the region's first and largest UNESCO-designated marine biosphere reserve. Bu Tinah Island is one of the 28 official finalists for the "New 7 Wonders of Nature".


A dish native to Hadhramaut in Yemen. It is served in many Gulf and Arab countries and often featured during weddings, funeral and celebeations. It is comprised of rice and meat cooked in a tandoor.

Dhabb lizards

A wonder of nature, these lizards do not drink water. They're considered a culinary delicacy and are a rich source of protein and fat.

Pearl diving

One of the oldest trades of the region. Divers have often had to freedive 100 feet in order to find enough pearl oysters.

Turtle natural reserve

Over 20,000 female of endangered species of trutles return annually to a beach in Oman where they hatched in order to lay eggs.

Oil reserves

Proven oil reserves in Saudi Arabia are the second largest in the world at 267 billion barrels.

Burj Khalifa

At 829.84m, it is the tallest manmade structure in the World. with a total cost of about US$1.5 billion. Burj Khalifa was designed to be the centerpiece of a large-scale development that includes 30,000 homes, 9 hotels, 3 hectares of parkland, 19+ residential towers, the Dubai Mall, and Burj Khalifa Lake.

Mada'in Saleh

Mada'in Saleh is Saudi Arabia's first World Heritage Site. It is an Islamic archaeological site which constitutes the kingdom's southernmost and largest settlement after Petra, its capital.

Cape Point

It's the meeting-point of two mighty oceans and the spot where Africa ends or begins, depending on your perspective. You can breathe the freshest air in the world here, as it blows in straight from the Antarctic.

Victoria Falls

The 1700-meter (1-mile) wide edge of the Victoria Falls gorge on the Zambia-Zimbabwe border, they abruptly plunge 100 meters (330 feet) to the bottom.

Mount Kilimanjaro

Africa's highest peak. It is the world's tallest walkable mountain, and what a walk it is. You go through 5 different climatic zones to reach the summit.

Serengeti Migration

The biggest animal migration takes place in Serengeti and that stretches from Kenya to Tanzania. Approximately 70 larger mammals and some 500 avifauna species are found there including blue wildebeests, gazelles, zebras and buffalos.

African Safari

Africa is known for its Safari Tours to see the Big Five:

- the African Elephant
- the African Rhino
- the African Leopard
- the African Lion
- the Cape Buffalo

There are 54 countries in Africa. By most estimates, over a thousand languages are spoken in Africa, making it the most multilingual continent in the world.

Table Mountain

Table Mountain is one of South Africa’s greatest landmarks and towers 1086m above the City of Cape Town.

Roman theatre of Bosra

Located in Syria, it is the largest, most complete and best preserved theatre of all the Roman theatres in the Middle East, also one of the largest theatres ever constructed in the Roman world.


 Petra is famous for its rock cut architecture and water conduit system. It was known as the hidden city amongst 2 cliff faces with only a 20 foot span for access between them.
It is one of the 7 wonders of the world.


A Levantine Arab salad that has become a popular ethnic food in the United States. The largest recorded dish of tabbouleh to date weighed 4,324 kg.

Jeita Grotto

A system of two separate, but inter connected, karstic limestone caves spanning an overall length of nearly 9 kilometers.
A finalist in the New 7 Wonders of Nature competition.


A traditional collection of appetizers served at the beginning of the meal.

Cedar trees

The cedar trees were used by the Phoenicians for building commercial and military ships, as well as houses, palaces, and temples.

Egypt is the country with the largest population in the Middle East and Africa with over 80 million people, concentrated along the narrow Nile Valley and Delta. That means 99% of the population uses only about 5.5% of the total land area.

Sharm el-Sheikh

Sharm el-Sheikh in Egypt has become a favourite spot for scuba divers from around the world.

The Great Pyramid of Giza

the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one to remain largely intact. The Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years.

Egypt is said to be the oldest civilization in the world. No other has captured the imagination of scholars and laypeople alike. Mystery surrounds its origins, its religion and its monumental architecture.

Library of Alexandria

The ancient library, located in Alexandria, Egypt, was the largest and most significant great library of the ancient world. In 48 BC Julius Caesar accidentally burned the library down when he set fire to his own ships to frustrate Achillas' attempt to limit his ability to communicate by sea. The library comprised a Peripatos walk, gardens, a room for shared dining, a reading room, lecture halls and meeting rooms. The influence of this model may still be seen today in the layout of university campuses.


Relics from Tutankhamun's tomb are among the most traveled artifacts in the world.

Great Sphinx of Giza

The Great Sphinx of Giza is the oldest known monumental sculpture on earth. The missing nose and beard of Sphinx makes it a truly mysterious mythical creature.

The Karnak Temple Complex

The complex comprises a vast mix of decayed temples, chapels, pylons, and other buildings. It is a vast open-air museum and the largest ancient religious site in the world. It is believed to be the second most visited historical site in Egypt.


Egypt's last Pharaoh. She married 2 of her brothers per Egyptian custom. The Ptolemies spoke in only Greek. By contrast, Cleopatra learned to speak Egyptian and represented herself as the reincarnation of an Egyptian goddess, Isis.

The Nile

The Nile is the longest river in the world at 6,650 kilometers. It flows through 9 countries with its mouth in Northern in Egypt where it empties into the Mediterranean. The Nile has been the lifeline of civilization in Egypt since the Stone Age.

Olive trees

The olive tree is one of the oldest cultivated plants.

Sahara is the third largest desert in the world after the Antarctica and Arctic desert. It is therefore the largest hot desert on planet earth. It covers most of North Africa, making it almost as large as China or the United States.

The "African hunter" is a dinosaur from the mid Jurassic Period of northern Africa. One of the early cretaceous dinosaurs from the Sahara. It had a mouthful of sharp teeth and three claws on each hand, nearly 9 meters long, and a weight of about 1.5 tons.

Addax antelope

The addax antelope is a critically endangered species, it is believed less than 500 individuals exist.

Deserts cover about one fifth (20 percent) of the earth's land area. The Sahara desert located in Africa is the largest desert in the African continent covering 8,600,000 square km. The Sahara covers parts of the countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, and Sudan.

Sahara desert receives less than 10 inches of rainfall per annum. Plants grow deep roots in order to survive under such extreme conditions. However, the rainfall has increased in the last couple of years which resulted in greening the Sahara and surrounding. Grazing areas, flourishing trees and shrubs have been observed.

The venom of the Deathstalker Scorpion is said to have potential for treating brain tumors. and diabetes. Deathstalkers have a very strange color to them; many people think they look like toys due to the elastic looking yellow or green coloring.

Eye of the Sahara

The Richat Structure is a prominent circular feature in the Sahara desert of west–central Mauritania near Ouadane. The earliest space missions used it as a landmark, the adventurous 4x4 enthusiasts consider it to be their playground, and scientists are still debating its origin.

Dromedaries can travel up to 100 desert miles (161 kilometers) without water. They rarely sweat, even in desert temperatures that reach 49°C. When they do refill, they soak up water like a sponge. A thirsty Dromedary can drink 30 gallons of water in only 13 minutes.

Some of the hottest months have temperatures exceeding 50 degrees Celsius. However at night temperatures can drop significantly. The highest temperature ever recorded was at 58° in Aziziyah, Libya.

Deserts are the hottest as well as coldest places on earth. Deserts are cold at night because of the lack of water in the ground, thus allowing the surface to cool rapidly at night through loss of infrared radiation to outer space. It has been estimated that the Sahara Desert loses more infrared radiation than it gains solar radiation from the sun.

The fennec fox is bred commercially as an exotic house pet.

Its said that Cleopatra committed suicide using the venom of a sand viper.

February 18 1979 – for the first time in living memory the Sahara Desert experiences snow for 30 minutes.

There are approximately 8 octillion grains of sand in the Sahara desert. There are some huge sand dunes in the desert which reach a height of about 180 meters. While a mountainous sand ridge, reaches over 1,000 feet.